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  • DC History Center and other Organizations
    DC History Center (DC Historical Society/Columbia Historical Society) Kiplinger Research Library DC History Center Spotlight: Foggy Bottom Historic District House History Map (New) Collections Guide: DC Research: Online catalog: [offers filter for type of material, including photographs] Research Guides: The Buildings History Research Guide: - Explains what resources can be used to do historic building research at the Society and provides a helpful outline of general research procedures. Other Research guides: Guide to Neighborhood History Resources: Guide to Researching Family History: Links for on-line history research: Selected Alley Dwelling Resources available at DC History: Photography Collections: John P. Wymer Photograph Collection – 1948-1952 – select historic photos searchable by location, presented with google pix of current view of same location – approximately 12 Foggy Bottom area photographs: Emil A. Press Slide Collection – 1959-1979 – 4,000 images, digitized, but not searchable online. Borchert Alley Life in Washington Photography Collection: The Sessford Annuals - John Sessford’s annual statements of the material progress of the City (by ward) from 1822 to 1859, Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C. , 1908, Vol. 11 (1908), pp. 271-388, Vertical Files by organized by neighborhood available for review at library, including Foggy Bottom 40th Annual DC History Conference: Marching on Washington (Nov. 2013) (includes presentation on alleys), and interactive project by high school students on FB history: JSTOR: Source for DC History Center’s Washington History and other journals, primary sources, and books. Register for site (DC History membership) - see DC Preservation League - Capitol Hill Restoration Society - Resources guide - National Capital Planning Commission - Check out their excellent 100 Anniversary Online Planning Library U.S. Commission on Fine Arts - National Park Service National Historic Preservation Program: Heritage Document Program, including Historic American Buildings Survey (collection at Library of Congress): Committee of 100 on the Federal City - The Association of Oldest Inhabitants of Washington D.C. -
  • DC Public Libraries
    DC Public Library: The Peoples Archive (Special Collections, which encompasses Black Studies and Washingtoniana collections and the Peabody Room at Georgetown Library): FB: Foggy Bottom Association Digital Archives Washingtoniana Collection: Neighborhood History research: Neighborhood History Resources: Digital Library: Washington Historic Image Collection: Word searches for the Washington Post and the Evening Star: D.C. Community Archives, a photo repository for neighborhood photos: D.C. West-End Library: Peabody Room: Georgetown History:
  • Library of Congress & National Archives
    Library of Congress Local History and Genealogy Reference Services: Digital Collections: Cities and Town Collection, Washington DC Researching Historic Washington DC Buildings (Collection overview): Research Guide to Washington DC Materials: Capital and the Bay: Narratives of Washington and the Chesapeake Bay Region, 1600 to 1925: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscapes Survey: Hidden Washington: The Alley Communities of the Nation's Capital, May 15, 2003, National Archives District of Columbia records (including Building Permits, City Directories, Census, Board of Children’s Guardians, Police):
  • District of Columbia Government
    HistoryQuest - the online component of the building permits database for extant buildings only: DC Office of Planning – Historic Landmarks & Historic Districts: Foggy Bottom Historic District designation documents: DC Office of Planning Ward 2 Heritage Guide is NOW available: Summary of the locations of various types of planning and permit records: DC Office of Planning DC Architects Directory: Recorder of Deeds: Official repository of all land records and general public instruments for the District of Columbia. Deeds since 1921 have been digitized. Deeds issued 1900-1923 and 1937-present - Card index by square and lot number, which shows changes in lot numbers, lists mortgages and leases and transfers of property. Deeds issued before 1900 - General name indexes and grantor/grantee indexes from 1792-1900 District of Columbia Archives (DC government historic documents including land records, city board records, and birth, marriage, death records): DC Office of the Surveyor Land Record Management System (SurDocs): DC Department of Transportation (DDOT) Historic Collection - - great collection of photographs of buildings as well as streets
  • George Washington University
    Gelman Library, Special Collections Research Center: GW Past (GW & Foggy Bottom Site): GWU/Foggy Bottom Association Digital Resources FBA Web page Archives GWU historical Digital Collections Site: Reconnaissance-Level Architectural Survey of Properties in Foggy Bottom, Washington, D.C. (1999): Foggy Bottom Photographs: Special Collections Research Center oral history collection (including oral histories of long-time GW residents): Foggy Bottom Collection, 1907-1998, Anderson, G. D. (George David), Combrinck, Laetitia, creators – File is an outgrowth of the 1996 exhibit the Foggy Bottom Association and the Gelman Library sponsored called “Fantastic Foggy Bottom: The Growth of a Community.” Materials include articles, building surveys, newspapers, books, photographs, slides, and artifacts, and may include oral histories. Collection Identifier: MS0868-UA (9 boxes), Foggy Bottom Association records, Collection Identifier: MS231, Foggy Bottom Restoration Association records, 1954-1956, Franzen, Margaret, collector. Collection Identifier: MS2159 Foggy Bottom News, February 1958-2006 (four boxes), Collection Identifier: RG0031, Series 19 GWU/Textile Museum - Albert H. Small Washingtoniana Collection DC Mondays:
  • Books:  Foggy Bottom Focus
    Anderson, G. David and Blanche Wysor Anderson, “Foggy Bottom: Industrial Waterfront to Place of Power” in Washington at Home: An Illustrated History of Neighborhoods in the Nation’s Capital, edited by Kathryn Schneider Smith, 71-87, 2d ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. A fine summary of Foggy Bottom in an excellent book that surveys D.C.’s neighborhoods. Becker, Ralph E., Miracle on the Potomac: The Kennedy Center from the Beginning, Silver Spring, Md.: Bartleby Press, 1990. Borchert, James, Alley Life in Washington: Family, Community, Religion, and Folklife in the City, 1850-1970, Urbana: University of Illinois, 1980. The authoritative book on alley life in DC, including Snows Court and “Hughes Mews” in Foggy Bottom. It chronicles the sometimes harsh – inadequate sanitation, disease, and crime conditions of alley life, but credits the residents for their ability to survive. Buhler, Leslie, Ed., Tudor Place: America's Story Lives Here, White House Historical Association, 2016. Note that Thomas and Martha Parke Custis Peter, builders of Tudor Place, previously lived at 26th and K Streets in Foggy Bottom. From Strength to Strength: A Pictorial History of The George Washington University, 1821-1996, The George Washington University, 1996. Gatti, Lawrence, Historic St. Stephen’s – An account of its eighty-five years, 1867-1952, 1952. Gilmore, Matthew, Foggy Bottom and the West End, Charleston, SC : History Press, 2010. Excellent overview of FB and many historic pictures. Gregory, Nora Drew, "A Foggy Bottom family: An early twentieth century account: an oral history interview with Nora Drew Gregory, January 1, 1995" (available for review at GW, GT libraries, DC History Center). Herman, Jan K., A Hilltop in Foggy Bottom: Home of the Old Naval Observatory and the Navy Medical Department, 1984. Hines, Christian, Early Recollections of Washington City, 1866, reprinted by the Junior League of Washington, 1981. At 85 years old, Hines recorded his memories of the earliest days of the City, including Jacob Funk’s house in Hamburgh and cock fights and fisticuffs at Washington Circle. Hoagland, Allison K., The Row House in Washington, DC: A History, Charlottesville: U.Va. Press, 2023. Excellent account of DC's most popular housing style, including a focus on Foggy Bottom's own Square 28. Kayser, Elmer Louis, Bricks without straw: The evolution of George Washington University, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts (1970). This book by a former GWU archivist is dated in attitude, but does provide the most detailed history of GW available. Langley, Harold D., St. Stephen Martyr Church and the Community, 1867-1967, Washington DC: The St. Stephen's Centennial Committee, 1968. Excellent history of neighborhood as well as the church. Mallon, Thomas, Two Moons, New York: Pantheon Books, 2000. A historical novel about the Naval Observatory in 1877 by FB resident. McCue, George, Octagon: Being an account of a Famous Washington Residence, its Great Years, Decline & Restoration, Washington DC: American Institute of Architects Foundation, 1976. Foggy Bottom’s most famous residence, built in 1800, home to James Madison after the burning of the White House in the war of 1812 and location of the signing of the Treaty of Ghent that ended that war, now well maintained by the AIA. It’s also haunted. Morris, Barbara Bradlyn, The Kennedy Center: An Insider's Guide to Washington's Liveliest Memorial, McLean VA: EPM Publications, 1994. Newcomb, Simon, Reminiscences of an Astronomer, 1903. Naval Observatory astronomer also discussed FB. Novak, Andrew Joseph, The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit: A Portrait of Dr. Cloyd Heck Marvin, Novak, 2004. Rodota, Joseph, The Watergate: Inside America’s Most Famous Address, New York: William Morrow, 2018. Sherwood, Suzanne Berry, “Foggy Bottom 1800-1975: A Study in the Uses of an Urban Neighborhood,” GW Washington Studies, No. 7, Center for Washington Area Studies, The George Washington University, 1974. Spaulding, Dorothy, St. Paul’s Parish, Washington: 100 Years, Washington, DC, 1967.Truman, Margaret, Murder in Foggy Bottom, 2000 (crime fiction). Unger, Suzanne Sherwood, “Foggy Bottom Blue-Collar Neighborhood in a White-Collar Town,” in Washington At Home: An Illustrated History of Neighborhoods in the Nation’s Capital, Kathryn Schneider Smith, editor, Northridge: Windsor Publications, 1988. Warring, Leo, The Foggy Bottom Gang: The Story of the Warring Brothers of Washington, DC: Parafine Press, 2020. A very entertaining account of the author’s father and uncles’ activities in bootlegging and gambling from the 1930s to the 1960s. Weller, Charles Frederick, and Eugenia Winston Weller, Neglected neighbors: stories of life in the alleys, tenements, and shanties of the national capital, Philadelphia: J.C. Winston, 1909. Brief discussion of Snows Court, but detailed description of alley life in general. Williams, Kim Prothro, Hidden Alleyways of Washington, DC: A History, Georgetown Univ. Press: Washington DC, 2023. Excellent book on D.C.'s alleys over the years, ncluding Foggy Bottom's own Snows Court and Hews Mews. Whitebook, Budd, The George Washington University and the District of Columbia, Washington, D.C.: The George Washington University, 2003.
  • Books:  DC History
    Alexander, John, Ghosts: Washington’s Most Famous Ghost Stories, Washington DC: Washington Books, 1975. The Octagon and Van Ness Mansion in Foggy Bottom, as well as other haunts. Apelbaum, Laura Coleman and Wendy Turman, Eds., Jewish Washington: Scrapbook of an American Community, Washington D.C.: Lillian anc Albert Small Jewish Museum, 2007. An oversized and well-illustrated history of D.C.’s Jewish community starting with Isaac Pollock’s “Six Buildings” at 21st St. and Penn. Ave., NW. Arnebeck, Bob, Slave Labor in the Capital: Building Washington's Iconic Federal Landmarks, Charleston, SC: History Press, 2014. Asch, Chris Myers and George Derek Musgrove, Chocolate City: A History of Race and Democracy in the Nation’s Capital, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017. Excellent history of DC’s long and recent past. Atwater, Maxine, True Stories about Washington’s Heroes, Villains & Belles, Bethesda: Mercury Press, 1996. Bednar, Michael, L’Enfant’s Legacy: Public Open Spaces in Washington, D.C., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. Benbow, Mark Elliot, The Nation's Capital Brewmaster, Christian Heurich and His Brewery, Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2017. Very interesting history of Heurich, immigrant and businessman who lived to be 102, and his Washington Breweries, including the one in Foggy Bottom, now the Kennedy Center Site. Bordewich, Fergus, Washington, the Making of the American Capital, New York: Harper Collins, 2008. Good account of the early days of the Federal City, its reliance on private speculation for land development, and its very slow growth. Brinkley, David, Washington Goes To War, New York: Ballentine Books, 1988. How World War II changed Washington DC. Bryan, Wilhemus Bogart, A History of the Nation’s Capital, New York: Macmillan Company, 1916 (two volumes). Cary, Francine Curo, Ed., Urban Odyssey: A Multicultural History of Washington D.C., Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1996. A bit dated, but interesting chapters on various ethnic and other groups that settled in DC and contributed to the city. The chapter on Germans includes Foggy Bottom. Clark-Lewis, Elizabeth, Living In, Living Out: African American Domestics in Washington, D.C. 1900-1940, Washington D.C.: Smithsonian University Press, 1994. Very interesting account including oral histories of the residents. Clark-Lewis, Elizabeth, Ed., First Freed: Washington, D.C., in the Emancipation Era, Washington D.C.: Howard University Press, 2002. DeFerrari, John, Historic Restaurants of Washington DC, Charleston SC: History Press, 2013. Entertaining account of DC’s changing restaurant scene. Good discussion of the old Watergate Inn and Jean-Louis at the Watergate. DeFerrari, John, Lost Washington DC, Charleston SC: History Press, 2011. Illustrated discussion of lost DC landmarks (although none in Foggy Bottom). Dickey, J.D., Empire of Mud: The Secret History of Washington, DC, Guilford CT: Rowman and Littlefield, 2014. Entertaining history focusing on the period from the City’s origins to the institution of the Commission government in the 1870s. Einberger, Scott, A History of Rock Creek Park: Wilderness and Washington D.C., Charleston SC: History Press, 2014. Well-illustrated and breezy account of the history the Park that forms the western border of Foggy Bottom. Farrar, Margaret E., Building the Body Politic: Power and Urban Space in Washington, D.C., Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 2008. A bit academic, but interesting perspective on urban development issues. Forret, Jeff, Williams’ Gang: A Notorious Slave Trader and His Cargo of Black Convicts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020. A thorough study of the DC trade in enslaved people. Froncek, Thomas, ed., The City of Washington: An Illustrated History, by the Junior League of the City of Washington, D.C., New York: Alfred F. Knopf, 1977. Illustrations and original materials quoted through 1917. Frankel, Godfrey, and Laura Goldstein, In the alleys: kids in the shadow of the Capitol, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995. Photographs and stories of now-demolished alleys in SW DC. Gardullo, Paul, et al. Eds., Picturing the Promise: The Scurlock Studio and Black Washington, Washington DC: Smithsonian, 2009. Gillette, Howard, Jr., Between Justice and Beauty: Race, Planning, and the Failure of Urban Policy in Washington, D.C., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.) Excellent discussion of the concern shown for developing monumental Washington, but the lack of concern for struggling residential areas. Goode, James, Best Addresses, Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1988. DC's impressive apartment buildings. Goode, James M., Capital Losses: A Cultural History of Washington's Destroyed Buildings, 2nd Ed., Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books, 2003. A monumental book featuring 270 lost buildings and 570 photographs over more than 500 pages, including several in Foggy Bottom. Green, Constance McLaughlin, The Secret City: a history of race relations in the Nation’s Capital, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1967. A mid-1960s viewpoint, but an excellent view of the subject. Green, Constance McLaughlin, Washington: Village and Capital City, 1800-1878, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962. Green, Constance McLaughlin, Washington: Capital City, 1879-1950, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963. Gutheim, Frederick, and Antoinette Lee, Worthy of the Nation: Washington D.C., from L’Enfant to the National Capital Planning Commission, 2nd Ed., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2006. Impressive book details the history of planning for the national capital, including the extensive and continuing federal role. Guthein, Frederick, and Wilcomb E. Washburn, The Federal City: Plans & Realities, Washington D.C.: Smithsonian, 1976. Hartman-Cox Architects, Australia: Images Publishing Group, 2007. This group has done an amazing number of interesting buildings in DC. Hershman, Robert R. and Edward T. Stafford (Washington Gas Light Co.), Growing With Washington: The Story of Our First Hundred Years, Washington, D.C.: Judd & Detweiler 1948. Highsmith, Carol M. and Ted Landfair, Pennsylvania Avenue: America’s Main Street, Washington D.C.: American Institute of Architects Press, 1988. Nice book showing the changes in the Avenue over the years, but the book only discussed the street from the Capital to the White House. Hughes, Tom (Author), Gulliver Hughes (Photographer), Alleys of Washington, DC: A Hidden City’s Past, Present and Future, 2019. Only a brief mention of Foggy Bottom’s alleys, but detailed tours of Capitol Hill. Hyra, Derek S., Race, Class and Politics in the Cappuccino City, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. Jaffe, Harry & Tom Sherwood, Dream City: Race, Power, and the Decline revival? of Washington DC, 20th Anniversary Edition, Argo Nevis, 2014. Excellent book on the Barry years and recent DC history. Jones, William Henry, The housing of negroes in Washington, D.C: A study in human ecology, Washington DC: Howard University Press, 1929. Justement, Louis, New Cities for Old: City Building in Terms of Space, Time, and Money, New York: McGraw-Will Book Co. Inc., 1946. Sets forth a terrifying vision of urban development in DC, the spirit of which was applied to Southwest DC. King, Leroy, 100 Years of Capital Traction: The Stories of Streetcars in the Nation’s Capital, Dallas: Taylor Publishing Co., 1972. Well-illustrated, from horse cars to trolleys to the unfortunate end of streetcars in the 1960s. Kousoulas, Claudia D., George W. Kousoulas, Contemporary Architecture in Washington, D.C., New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. Leech, Margaret, Reveille in Washington, 1860-1865, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1941. A bit dated, but interesting account of the city growing quickly, while under constant potential threat. Leepson, Marc, Desperate Engagement: How a little-known Civil War battle saved Washington, D.C., and changed American History, New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2007. Lesko, Kathleen M. , Valerie Babb and Carroll R. Gibbs, Black Georgetown Remembered: A History of its Black Community from the Founding of “The Town of George” in 1751 to the Present Day, 30th Anniversary Ed., Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2021. Lessoff, Alan, The Nation and Its City: Politics, Corruption and Progress in Washington, D.C., 1861-1902, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994. Logan, Cameron, Historic Capital: Preservation, Race, and Real Estate in Washington, D.C., Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2017. Excellent historical analysis of the historic preservation movement in Washington DC, with some (but little) discussion of Foggy Bottom. Logan, Mrs. John A., ed., Thirty Years in Washington or Life and Scenes in Our National Capital, Hartford: A.D Worthington & Co., 1901. Longsreth, Richard, Ed., Housing Washington: Two Centuries of Residential Development and Planning in the National Capital Area, Chicago: Center for American Places, 2010. Masur, Kate, An Example for All the Land: Emancipation and the Struggle over Equality in Washington, D.C., Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012. Excellent discussion of the evolution of emancipation and attempts at social equality during the Civil War and reconstruction periods. Rights – including voting rights – that were lost starting in the 1870s. McShane, Clay and Joel A. Tarr, The Horse in the City: Living Machines in the Nineteenth Century, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2007. A detailed look at the lives and uses of horses in the big city, including their service in carts, carriages, omnibuses (12-20 passengers, 4 wheels), and horse-drawn street cars (on rails). Only a few mentions of DC, but discussion of relevant issues, including stables. Miller, Iris, Washington In Maps, 1606-2000, New York: Rizzoli International, 2002. Beautiful book. Morley, Jefferson, Snow-Storm in August: The Struggle for American Freedom and Washington’s Race Riot of 1835, New York: Anchor Books, 2013. Moore, Joseph West, Picturesque Washington, Providence: J.A. & R.A. Reid, 1884. “Pen and Pencil sketches” – both rather florid, but interesting. Muller, John, Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C., The Lion of Anacostia, Charleston: History Press, 2012. Short biography with a focus on Douglass' time as U.S. Marshall and other activities in DC. Ozer, Mark N., Washington DC: Politics and Place, The Historical Geography of the District of Columbia, Xlibris, 2009. Passonneau, Joseph P., Washington Through Two Centuries: A History in Maps and Images, New York: Monicelli Press, 2004. Includes excellent maps of building construction/demolition in the city. Peck, Garret, Prohibition in Washington, D.C. How Dry We Weren’t, Charleston SC: The History Press, 2011. Prohibition started earlier and ended later in DC than in the US, but DC may have had poorer compliance than elsewhere. Foggy Bottom discussion focuses on our breweries, which switched to near-beer and cider and icemaking for the duration. Peck, Garret, Capital Beer: A Heady History of Brewing in Washington, D.C., Charleston SC: The History Press, 2014. Phillips, P. Lee, Maps and Views of Washington and the District of Columbia, Washington: GPO, 1900. List of maps. Pitch, Anthony S., The Burning of Washington: The British Invasion of 1814, Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998. Pope, Michael Lee, Hidden History of Alexandria, D.C., Charleston SC: History Press, 2011. In 1800, most of the City of Alexandria and Alexandria (now Arlington) County became part of the diamond that formed the District of Columbia. The Virginia land, including the prominent slave trading port of Alexandria, was retroceded to Virginia in 1846. Prince, Sabiyha, African Americans and Gentrification in Washington, D.C., Routledge, 2017. Proctor, John Clagget, Proctor's Washington and Environs, 1949. Articles written for the Washington Sunday Star, 1928-1949. Richardson, John P., Alexander Robley Shepherd: The Man Who Built the Nation’s Capital, Athens: Ohio University Press, 2016. A sympathetic biography of “Boss” Shepherd. Ricks, Mary K., Escape on the Pearl: The Heroic Bid from Freedom on the Underground Railroad, New York: Harper Perennial, 2008. Excellent account of the attempted escape of 77 enslaved people from DC, including Emily Edmundson, who had been working in Foggy Bottom. The book follows the lives of the people involved after the escape failed. Rose, Mark H. and Raymond A. Mohl, Interstate: Highway Politics and Policy Since 1939, 3rd Ed., Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2012. Provides context for DC highway battles. Rule, Elizabeth, Indigenous DC: Native People's and the Nation's Capital, Washington DC: Georgetown Univ. Press, 2023. You can also get the digital walking tour. Sellew, Gladys, A Deviant Social Situation: A Court, Dissertation, Washington: Catholic University, 1938. Smith, Howard K., Washington D.C.: The Story of Our Nation's Capital, New York: Random House, 1967. Targeted to young adult readers, reviews the impact of national events on the city and all of its residents, with a mid-1960s perspective. Smith, Sam, Captive Capital: Colonial Life in Modern Washington, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974. Provocative history of DC that focuses on the city at the time of the coming of Home Rule in 1974. Solomon, Burt, The Washington Century: Three Families and the Shaping of the Nation's Capital, New York: Harper, 2004. Fascinating recent history of the city through the Boggs, Cafritz, and Hobson families. Tayloe, Benjamin Ogle, Our Neighbors in Lafayette Square, Washington, 1872 (Junior League of Washington Reprint). A lot going on in Lafayette Square in the early days. Tengires, Helen, Public Markets, New York: Norton/Library of Congress, 2008. Numerous illustrations, including of DC’s Center Market. Walker, J. Samuel, Most of 14th Street Is Gone: The Washington D.C. Riots of 1968, Oxford University Press, 2018. Whyte, James H., The Uncivil War: Washington during the Reconstruction, 1865-1878, New York: Twyane Publishers, 1958.
  • Books:  DC Historical Photographs
    Cameron, Robert, Above Washington: A collection of nostalgic and contemporary aerial photographs of the District of Columbia, San Francisco: Cameron and Company, 1980. A very large book with 150 pages of photographs of DC, including a striking one of 1895 Foggy Bottom. Griffin, Mark G, and Ellen M. McCloskey, Lily Spandorf’s Washington Never More, Washington D.C. , Grew Publishing Co., 1988. Delightful book with brightly colored paintings of past scenes, contrasted with photographs of current scenes (including Red Lion Row). Kelly, Charles Suddarth, Washington, D.C., Then and Now, 69 Sites Photographed in the Past and Present, New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1984. Interesting contrasts, although note that the City has changed since 1984 as well. Miller, Frederic M. and Howard Gillette Jr., Washington Seen, A Photographic History, 1875-1965, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. 350 unique photographs from the Gilded Age to the Great Society. Mitchell, Alexander D., Washington, D.C., Then & Now, San Diego: Thunder Bay Press, 2000 Reed, Robert, Old Washington, D.C. in Early Photographs, 1846-1932, New York: Dover Publications, 1980. 224 prints of the City, with brief descriptions (but little on Foggy Bottom). Reps, John W., Washington on View: The Nation’s Capital since 1790, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991
  • DC Historical Guides
    NEW: Bonstra, William and Judith Meany, Washington on Foot: 24 Walking Tours and Maps of Washington DC, 46h Ed, Washington: Smithsonian Books, 2023 (featuring chapters on Foggy Bottom and the White House co-edited by Frank Leone and Denise Vogt) Bergheim, Laura, The Washington Historical Atlas: Who Did What When and Where in the Nation’s Capital, Rockville, Md: Woodbine House, 1992. Interesting guide with a focus on history, including discussions of former sites. Choukas-Bradley, Melanie, City of Trees: The Complete Field Guide to the Trees of Washington, D.C., 3rd Ed., Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, 2008 DC Modernism, What's Out There Cultural Landscape Guide, Federal Writers’ Project of the WPA for the District of Columbia, The WPA Guide to Washington, D.C., New York: Pantheon Book, 1983. Description of Washington in the 1930s. No specific discussion of Foggy Bottom (except a reference as an African-American area), but does discuss GWU. Fitzpatrick, Sandra & Maria R. Goodwin, The Guide to Black Washington: Places and Events of Historical and Cultural Significance in the Nation’s Capital, New York: Hippocrene Books, 1999. (Note chapter 15 on Foggy Bottom). Fogle, Jeanne, A Neighborhood Guide to Washington D.C.’s Hidden History, Charleston DC: History Press, 2009. A nice little guide to Foggy Bottom Sites. Lee, Richard M., Mr. Lincoln’s City: An Illustrated Guide to The Civil War Sites of Washington, McLean Va.: ERM Publications, 1981. Morrison's Strangers Guide to Washington D.C., editions from 1852-1885, available online at Moeller, G. Martin, AIA Guide to the Architecture of Washington, D.C., Washington DC: Washington Chapter of the American Institute of Architects, 2012. Rash, Bryson B., Footnote Washington * Tracking the Engaging, Humorous and Surprising Bypaths of Capital History, McLean, VA: EPM Publications, 1983. Rule, Dr. Elizabeth, "Guide to Indigenous District of Columbia" - Scott, Pamela and Lee, Antoinette, Buildings of the District of Columbia, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Brief but good discussion of Foggy Bottom and notable buildings in greater FB, e.g., the Organization of American States. Smiley, Robert Wagner, A glimpse at the night side of Washington : a guide-book to night amusements by one who has been there. Washington: 1894.
  • Booklists
    A Historical Bibliography of the Built Environment in the Washington DC Metropolitan Area, compiled by Richard Longsreth (revised May 2006): Georgetown University Library, Washington DC History Resources, - excellent list Washington Post, the 50 “essential” Washington History Books (Aug. 11, 2011), complied by Mike DeBonis: Washington Post, “18 books that capture the spirit and essence of living in D.C.” March 4, 2021: 17 are fiction, and none focus specifically on Foggy Bottom, but interesting list. National Trust for Historic Preservation, 14 essential Preservation Books:
  • Publications/Articles
    Ammon, Francesca Russello, “Commemoration Amid Criticism: The Mixed Legacy of Urban Renewal in Southwest Washington, D.C.” Journal of Planning History vol. 8, no. 3 (2009): 175–220. Barthold, Elizabeth, “The Predicament of the ‘Parklets’: Understanding Washington’s Smaller Parks,” Washington History 5 (Spring-Summer 1993), 28-45, 91-92. Includes discussion of triangular “reservations” in Foggy Bottom. Bushong, William, “Rock Creek Park, District of Columbia, Historic Resource Study,” National Park Service, 1990, Borchert, James “The Rise and Fall of Washington’s Inhabited Alleys: 1852-1972,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 71/72, (1971/1972), pp. 267-288. Best single article on DC Alley Life, later revised as the first chapter of Borchert’s book. Borchert, James “Alley Life in Washington: An Analysis of 600 Photographs,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C. , 1973/1974, Vol. 49. Borchert’s analysis of what the photographs tell you about DC Alley life. Borchert, James “Builders and Owners of Alley Dwellings in Washington, D. C., 1877-1892,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 50 (1980), pp. 345-358. Boyd's Directories of the District of Columbia (DC City Directories), Available on Line at Hathi Trust See also: National Archives D.C. City Directory Finding Guide Carandang-Tiongson,Titchie, "The Manila House In Washington, D.C.," Positively Filipino, May 2017, Dastagir, Alia E., “Behind the Name: Foggy Bottom,” DCist, Nov. 6, 2011, De Gaffenried, Mary Clare, “Typical Alley Houses in Washington D.C.,” Women’s Anthropological Society Bulletin, 7, Washington 1897. Dutra, Jeremy W., Georgetown University Law Center, “2002 You Can’t Tear it Down: the Origins of the D.C. Historic Preservation Act,” Evans, Jessie Fant, "Hamburg: the colonial town that became the seat of the George Washington University," 1935. Farina, Mary Alice, “How Foggy Bottom has Changed,” DCentric, (2011), Hannold, Elizabeth, 1993,“Comfort and Respectability: Washington's Philanthropic Housing Movement,” Washington History, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 20-39. Harkness, Robert H, “The Old Glass-House,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society 18 (1915): 209-238. Humphrey, Robert L. and Mary Elizabeth Chambers, “Ancient Washington American Indian Cultures of the Potomac Valley,” George Washington University Studies, No. 6 (1977). Jones, Thomas Jesse, “The Alley Houses of Washington,” Survey, 28 (Oct. 19, 1912): 67-69, Kamsler, Brigette C., “George Washington University at 200,” Washington History, Spring 2021, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 66-69. Lee, Antoinette J., “Foggy Bottom.” Foggy Bottom News, March 1977. Lee, Antoinette J., “The Fashionable West End,” Foggy Bottom News, November 1977, Page 1. Lee, Kris, "A Filipino Literary Landmark: The Manila House in D.C.," WETA Boundary Stones, Jan. 30, 2020, Longstreth, Richard, “The Neighborhood Shopping Center in Washington, D.C., 1930-1941,” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 51 (March 1992), 5-34. Mallalieu, Wilber V., “A Washington Alley,” Survey, 28 (Oct. 19, 1912): 69-71, Mallon, Thomas, “At Large and at Small: A House in Foggy Bottom,” The American Scholar, Vol. 73, No. 2 (Spring 2004), pp. 5-9, McNeill, Priscilla W., “Rock Creek Hundred: Land Conveyed for the Federal City,” Washington History, Spring-Summer 1991, pp. 34-51, 134-35. Meersman, Roger, “The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts: From Dream to Reality,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society 50 (1980), 525-588. Mason, Otis T. et al., “The Aborigines of the District of Columbia and the Lower Potomac,” American Anthropologist, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 225-268 (1889). Montgomery, Mimi, "Meet Longtime Residents of the Watergate, Washington's Most Famous Home," Washingtonian, June 28, 2023. National Capital Planning Commission, Downtown Urban Renewal Area, Washington: U.S. GPO, Summer 1970. Pablo, Leonor Enriquez, “The Housing Needs and Social Problems of Residents in a Deteriorated Area,” M.S.W. Thesis, Catholic University of American, June, 1953. Parris, Albion Keith, “Recollections of our Neighbors in the First Ward in the Early Sixties.” Records of the Columbia Historical Society 29-30 (1928): 269-289. Ratigan, Marion M., “A Sociological Survey of Disease in Four Alleys in the National Capital,” Washington DC, 1946. Reed, Dan, “Even D.C.’s Alleys Are Thriving,” The Washingtonian, March 9, 2017, Russo, Julia, "A Legacy of Disenfranchisement: Interrogating the Displacement of the Historical Black Foggy Bottom Community"​, The George Washington University Undergraduate Review, vol. 6, Spring 2023. Schrag, Zachary M., “The Freeway Fight in Washington, D.C.: The Three Sisters Bridge in Three Administrations,” Journal of Urban History 30 (July 2004), 648-673 Summer, Rebecca, "Comparing Mid-century Historic Preservation and Urban Renewal through Washington, D.C.’s Alley Dwellings," J. Planning History, Vol. 21(2) 132–158, 2022 Summer, Rebecca, "Stories of Change Hidden in Washington DC's Alleys," American Assoc. of Geographers, Sept. 1, 2018. Swinney, Daniel, D., "Alley Dwellings and Housing Reform in the District of Columbia," Masters Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1938. (available from ProQuest). Swope, Carolyn B., "The Spatial Configuration of Segregation, Elite Fears of Disease, and Housing Reform in Washington, D.C.’s Inhabited Alleys," Social Science History (2023) Tana, Daniel R., "The last call: preserving Washington’s lost historic breweries," Master's Dissertation, University of Maryland, 2013, “Washington, D.C.’s Vanishing Springs & Waterways”, Geological Survey Circular 752 (1977), Washington Gas Light Company, “Growing with Washington . . .”, Washington DC: Judd & Detweiler, 1948. Williams, Mathilde D., “The Three Sisters Bridge: A Ghost Span Over the Potomac,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society 47 (1969-1970), 489-509. Wright, Lewis. “A Flagship Parish of the Anglo-Catholic Tradition St. Paul’s, K Street Washington, D.C.” Anglican and Episcopal History 65, no. 2 (1996): 258–63.
  • Reports and other Documents
    DC Government, Office of Planning: Foggy Bottom Historic District Nomination, Historic District Brochure and Historic District Maps (1987), D.C. Historic Preservation Office, Historic District Brochure (2003), URS Greiner Woodward Clyde, Architectural Survey of Properties in Foggy Bottom, Washington, D.C. (December 1999), EHT Traceries Inc., Foggy Bottom-West End Historic Architecture Survey (arranged by square and lot) 3 vols. (1982) Snyderman. Lois, Resurvey of FB/West End Historic Survey (June 1993) National Capital Planning Commission | Cultural Tourism DC, Foggy Bottom/Northwest Triangle Heritage Trail, Final Assessment Report, May 14, 2014, GW/Old West End Historic District Designation documents, GW Foggy Bottom Regulatory documents, including 2007 Campus Plan documents, Campus Plan 2007 Zoning file documents, The Campus Plan for the Year 1985 Through the Year 2000, Washington DC: George Washington University, 1986 Knepper, Dennis, et al., The Archaeology of an Urban Landscape, The Whitehurst Freeway Project, Volume I: Prehistoric Sites. Prepared for the District of Columbia Department of Transportation by Parsons and Versar, Inc., 2006. National Capital Planning Commission, Plan for Virginia Avenue, 1964. Northwest Rectangle Historic District Nomination Form: (The Northwest Rectangle Historic District was determined "National Register-eligible" in 1988.) L’Enfant Plan National Register of Historic Places registration form (1997), “Historic Usage of Place Names: West End, Foggy Bottom, and Old West End as gleaned from selected newspapers, 1817- 1972.” D.C. Historic Preservation Office, 2014 Joint Committee of Landmarks of the National Capital, Foggy Bottom Historic District Application Form, 10/15/86. Williams, Kim Prothro, The DC Historic Alley Buildings Survey, 2014 - See also Kim Prothro Williams, “Cityscape: The Surviving Cultural Landscape of Washington’s Alleys,” Washington History Fall 2015, pp. 40-52. A number of photos of current buildings. Meglis, Anne Lewellyn, D.C. Redevelopment Land Agency Presents a Bibliographic Tour of Washington, D.C. (Washington DC 1974) * * * D.C. Historic Preservation Office, 2020 District of Columbia Historic Preservation Plan: Preserving for Progress, Cultural Tourism DC, DC Heritage Trails (not including Foggy Bottom), National Capital Planning Commission, "Extending the Legacy: Planning America's Capital for the 21st Century," 1996, National Capital Planning Commission, "A Policies Plan for the Year 2000 for the Nations Capital," Washington: NCPC, 1961. National Capital Planning Commission, "Washington Present and Future: A General Summary of the Comprehensive Plan for the National Capital and Its Environs," Washington: NCPC, 1950. DC Office of Historic Preservation, “Rural Remnants of Washington County: An Architectural Survey of Washington’s Historic Farms and Estates,” Sept. 2013, Kenesaw M. Landis, "Segregation in Washington: A Report of the National Committee on Segregation in the Nations Capital,: Nov. 1948.
  • Maps
    Boschke’s 1857 Map of DC, A complete set of surveys and plats of properties in the city of Washington, District of Columbia, 1887, Details from above map, with legend explaining designations. Plate from above map including some of Foggy Bottom, Plate from above map showing western Foggy Bottom, Real estate plat-book of Washington, District of Columbia, volume 1, 1892 - Plate 3 (Foggy Bottom) Plate 2 (more of Foggy Bottom), Real estate directory of the city of Washington, D.C. government reservations, serial number 49, 1874 - Plate 1. Washington Circle 2019 DC Orthographic Map, Baist’s real estate atlas of surveys of Washington, District of Columbia, 1909-1911, 1889 Map showing location of National Zoo in Rock Creek Park, also shows square numbers for Foggy Bottom, 1967 Map of Unbuilt Highways, A Guide to the Art and Public Works of the New Deal: Washington, D.C.,, 2021. D.C. Office of Planning Maps, including historical zoning maps,
  • Chronologies/Timelines
    DC Historic Preservation Office, “2025 District of Columbia Historic Preservation Plan: Celebrating Our Diversity Draft for Public Comment” (2021), DC History Center Timeline: Matthew B. Gilmore Timeline of DC History: George Washington University Chronology: GWU 200 Facts and Artifacts Chron: National Capital Planning Commission – DC (Planning) Timeline: DC voting rights chronology:
  • Websites
    DC Historic Sites - Foggy Bottom Historic District: National Park Service, Foggy Bottom Historic District: Washington DC Foggy Bottom page: Historical Marker Data Base - Foggy Bottom in Washington, D.C.: Search=Place&Town=Foggy%20Bottom&State=District%20of%20Columbia GWU Historical Resources Page: GWU Historic Walking tour: John DeFerrari blog, “Streets of Washington”: Also photo collection: Matthew B. Gilmore’s DC history blog site: DC house history resources: Wymer's DC - interactive map with Wymer's historic photos and google street images: Stephen A. Hansen’s DC history site: Foggy Bottom West End Village: Historic Washington photo site: Barnard Trust, Foggy Bottom Future (2017): Maps, Watergate 25 years “John Kelly’s Washington,” Washington Post: Popville, DC’s Neighborhood Blog: History Pin/Foggy Bottom collection – some photos, mostly Snow’s Court - Foggy Bottom Tour: Wikipedia Foggy Bottom page: Zillow, Foggy Bottom Houses:,multifamily,mobile,land,townhouse_type/ Life in the Alley blog (2013): Preserving DC Stables blog (Dr. David Salter): Georgetown Slavery Archive: Victorian Secrets of Washington DC: DC Native History Project: DC Preservation/Historic Research companies: EHT Traceries, Prologue DC, The House History Man/Kelsey & Assoc., Washington DC History ListServ:
  • FB History Project in the News
    3/12/2024. GW Today, Places to Eat, Things to Do around Foggy Bottom (featuring the FB Historic District) 3/21/2024, DC History Center News, The DC History Center Board of Trustees Welcomes Dania Jolley and Frank Leone 2/26/2024, GW Hatchet, Erika Filter, A new bookshelf in West End Library will feature the history of local neighborhoods 1/29/2024, GW Hatchet, Erika Filter, DC expands historic homeowner grant to include Foggy Bottom, Old West End 1/24/2024, GW Hatchet Video, Sophia Escobar, Eduardo Gonzalez del Valle, Ava Thompson, The History of GW's Land Development 12/12/2023, WTOP, Matt Kaufax, WATCH: Explore an obscure DC monument that provided the building blocks for the Capitol and White House 12/12/2023, DC History Center Spotlight: Foggy Bottom Historic District House History Map 11/127/2023, WETA-PBS, "If You Lived Here: Foggy Bottom", Preview (featuring History Project clip) 4/13/2023, Washington Post, Petula Dvorak, The Covid ritual these Washingtonians wont give up, [featuring historic Hughes Mews] 2/13/2023, GW Hatchet, Frank Leone and Denise Vogt, Op-ed: Enrich your time in Foggy Bottom and dive into its deep history 12/6/2022, GW Hatchet, Grace Chinowsky and Moksha Akil, D.C. officials planning a study to authorize nonvehicular transportation 10/17/2022, GW Hatchet, Henry Huvos, How the landscape of GW and Foggy Bottom have evolved over the last five years 8/31/2022, GW Today, Ruth Steinhardt, Getting to Know the DMV: Foggy Bottom 8/29/2022, GW Today, B.L. Wilson, New Students Volunteer across the City for Welcome Day of Service 7/22/2022, GW Hatchet, Ethan Benn, Column: At Staughton Hall and RFK Stadium, officials learn a lesson in redeveloping D.C. 6/17/2022, GW Hatchet, Grace Chinowsky, Staughton Hall demolished after more than century in Foggy Bottom 2/18/2022, Washington Post, Colbert King, Opinion: It's not about masks or mandates. It's about public trust. 2/7/2022, GW Hatchet, Opinion: Ethan Benn, GW needs to recommit to historical preservation 1/24/2022, GW Hatchet, Tyler Krambeer, GW prepares to demolish century-old Staughton Hall 12/6/2021, GW Hatchet, Katrina Hauser, Foggy Bottom Association Launches History Project 10/28/2021, GW Hatchet, Opinion: Ethan Benn, GW must act as members of Foggy Bottom community, not its owners 10/11/2021, GW Hatchet, Zachary Blackburn, GW Officials Demolish Former Nashman Center Building 6/20/2021, Washington Post, John Kelly, A District couple hope that GWU won’t tear down an old Foggy Bottom rowhouse 4/19/2021, GW Hatchet, Yutong Jiang, Foggy Bottom Association to launch project on neighborhood’s history 3/29/2021, GW Hatchet, Abigail Osborne, Locals press ANC, University to consider preserving Nashman Center building 2/18/2021, GW Hatchet, Abigail Osborne, University to demolish Nashman Center building, move offices to Hillel building
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